how to fish a trout

If you are wondering how to fish trout, first know that you are not the only one because trout fishing is one of the most popular fisheries in the world. Trout is a freshwater fish found in most fresh and well-oxygenated French rivers, but also in the smallest streams, in torrents and even in lakes, provided the water temperature does not exceed the 18-20 ° c mark for a long time. Several varieties exist but all have in common a fusiform body, the dress differs and can be very variable depending on the rivers if the strains are indigenous. Trout are fish that are often between 25 and 40cm, for weights ranging from 300g to 500g but there are a few specimens up to 1 meter. From a certain size, these fish are also called becards since their jaws form a beak. The older and larger the fish, the more visible the beak. Trout is a carnivorous fish that feeds on worms, molluscs, larvae and other small fish. The trout will reproduce from October to January, on small gravel banks that are often found in the upstream parts of rivers, that’s why trout fishing is prohibited at this time of the year and don’t start again until March. If you want more information on trout, you can consult The trout will reproduce from October to January, on small gravel banks that are often found in the upstream parts of rivers, that’s why trout fishing is prohibited at this time of the year and don’t start again until March. If you want more information on trout, you can consult The trout will reproduce from October to January, on small gravel banks that are often found in the upstream parts of rivers, that’s why trout fishing is prohibited at this time of the year and don’t start again until March. If you want more information on trout, you can consult the article relating to the presentation of this fish that is trout .

Common Trout, Habitat and Morphology

The main characteristics of the common trout is the presence of a multicolored livery, highlighting the green color of its back and the white of its belly. Its sides are silver with red and black pints on its dorsal fins. These fins are round-pointed, except the adipose that lies between the caudal and the dorsal fin, very typical of salmonid species . Another physical characteristic of trout is its ventral fins , they are strong and powerful which allow them to make very fast turns and movements. Later we will see in more depth their lifestyle, reproduction and feeding, as I say that the spawning or laying of trout is done in the autumn season, the average being between 1000 and 2000 depositions per kg of weight of common trout. The incubation range varies between 45 days and 2 months, these small fry are in the small rivers and streams and then swim to deeper and deeper waters. The maturity of trout reproduction reaches 3 years of life, its diet is mainly based on crustaceans, small insects and small fish. The common trout is best developed in cold and clear waters with large amounts of oxygen, stone bottoms, they like to be among currents to be able to hunt everything that goes through them.

  • Scientific name: Salmo trutta L. Fario
  • Family : Salmonidae / Salmoninae
  • Order : Salmoniformes
  • Class : Actinopterigios (fish with radiated fins)
  • Max weight: 10 kg.
  • Max length: 70 cm.

Common Trout Feeding

Common Trout Feeding

Trout is a fish that feeds by visual location of prey. Consequently, it has been considered that the most active moments of trout occur during the day. However, although it has long been known that trout feeds, to a greater or lesser extent, also at night, recent studies have shown that the trout’s nocturnal activity is much more intense than previously assumed . The implantation of small radio transmitters in the fish’s body allows researchers to follow their movements and analyze the daily rhythms of activity. The results of several of these studies have revealed that common trout , especially larger specimens, are mainly nocturnal.

Common Trout is Primarily a Night Fish

These fish remain relatively immobile during the day and begin their activity immediately after sunset and until dawn. Water temperature is a possible factor that can influence this behavior, since fish with a nightly feeding schedule would avoid high summer temperatures. However, it has been proven that night behavior occurs throughout the year both at temperatures below 10 ° C and above 22 ° C , so other explanations should be sought. Avoiding predation is another possible mechanism responsible for nocturnal behavior, as many of the piscivorous predators, such as the cormorant, the heron or the otter , depend on the light to feed. However, although this is valid for small and medium-sized trouts, larger ones are not usually victims of predators, with the sole exception of man. That is why there is the possibility that nocturnality in large trout is the result of an adaptation to human predation.

On the other hand, trout feeding can be more efficient at night, especially in summer. Many invertebrates are more active at night and therefore more vulnerable to predation. Since the food efficiency of salmonids depends mainly on vision, it has been questioned whether the night vision of common trout is superior to that of other species, such as rainbow trout , which is only active during daylight hours. Another alternative that is proposed is that common trout use other senses such as smell or lateral line to capture chemical or hydromechanical traces of prey.

River Trout Behavior

The high point of activity of common trout occurs during spring, in the moments near sunset and sunrise, and intermittently throughout the night, and sometimes, also during the day. In spring, the trout remains static in the pools during daylight hours, then move upstream to the rapids or boards, just after dark. The reason for this behavior is related to the greater availability of food that occurs in these places when the drift of invertebrates increases at night. The fact that during the day the big trouts remain immobile or almost immobile does not mean that they do not feed: in fact, in the spring the daytime feeding is also important. In the daytime hours they are placed in their positions protected from the current, intercepting the aquatic organisms that derive downstream. In autumn and winter, the greatest activity takes place at a time when the sun has stopped illuminating the river, although in these months the activity during the morning is also important.

River Trout Behavior

In the majority of studies on common trout the existence of two groups within the same population is revealed: a sedentary one , formed by individuals that restrict their movements to very limited areas, and another group with much greater mobility , whose individuals They can travel great distances in short intervals of time. The preponderance of one group or another depends on many factors. Rivers of medium or large dimensions tend to favor greater mobility of trout, while in small streams, individuals tend to have a behavior less prone to long movements. Also the size of trout has an influence on their behavior. Small specimens tend to have more limited ranges of movement than larger trouts. In part, these differences are related to diet: smaller trout mainly consume macro invertebrates, while larger specimens also include small fish and other prey in their diet, so they need to explore and explore larger areas.

Although the movements made by trout are much more extensive and frequent than previously believed, the fidelity of the fish to certain places in the river is great . Thus, for example, studies with radio transmitters have confirmed a behavior of the common trout that had already been intuited by many fishermen, but that until now had had little scientific support: although the trout can change places several times during a cycle of 24 hours, each trout tends to occupy the same position every day of that cycle day after day. That is, at a certain time of day, each trout has the habit of being in the same place as the day before that same time, although for this it has to travel distances of several hundred meters.

Trout Spawn

The decrease in daylight hours and the progressive cooling of the waters that accompanies the arrival of winter are two triggers of some biological processes, such as the reproduction of salmonids, although not all species of this family spawn at this time. Common trout , salmon and salvelino spawn in autumn or early winter, while rainbow trout do so in spring. In general, they require running water to build the nests, but in mountain can lakes, trout, in some cases, and Salvelino more frequently, successfully spawn on its banks. The places of laying required by the salmonids are always clean gravel bottoms , usually at the exit of the pools, where the current keeps the bottom free of fine sediment particles and the oxygenation of the eggs is greater. In these areas the breeders are concentrated in the days prior to the beginning of the spawn ritual. The females, leaning on their side and moving their tail strongly, excavate a depression that will serve as a nest. During the excavation of the nest, the female is usually accompanied by several males. The oldest of them is dominant and keeps others away from the female.

Nests and Hatcheries

The trout nest dimensions are related to the size of the fish. Older females make deeper nests in which the eggs will be more protected for the long incubation period that awaits them, usually one to five months. This long incubation period exposes the eggs to multiple hazards if they are not properly buried, as they can be dragged by a flood or attacked by predators and hence the importance of minimum fishing sizes and in general the legal regulations of each section guarantee a minimum number of large players in the spawning period.

Migratory behavior related to reproduction has interesting consequences for trout fishing in certain places.

The females distribute the laying in several nests. Thus, after the deposition of the eggs in the first of the nests, the female digs a new depression upstream. The removed gravel is dragged downstream to fall on the first of the nests, thus covering the newly laid eggs. This act is repeated several times until the female has ejected all the eggs.

Migratory Behavior and its Fishing

Migratory Behavior

Migratory behavior related to reproduction has interesting consequences for trout fishing in certain places. Reservoirs located in trout areas are excellent feeding places for trout, which grows fast and even considerable sizes. However, trout cannot spawn in reservoirs due to lack of adequate conditions , which is why it is forced to climb the tributary rivers when the spawn period approaches. In late summer or early fall, the breeding population tends to concentrate near tributaries, and they begin to climb as the waters cool. Fishing in these areas at this time means a unique opportunity to capture large specimens , which remain scattered in deep water for the rest of the year, and fishing is extremely difficult. Naturally we must not forget the meaning of this annual migration and respect, practicing fishing without death , the fate of these fish, which is none other than reproduction, so that a new generation of young trout has the opportunity to repeat the cycle in the future.

Reproductive Migrations

The idea that trout traces rivers to find suitable places to spawn is widespread. In general terms, this is true, but the extent of these migrations varies greatly between different trout populations. Those that inhabit the headwaters and the mountain rivers only move a few meters, sometimes even downstream, to reach the gravel funds required to deposit the eggs. The trout that populate the middle sections must make major routes, generally to the head of the main river or its tributaries, to find the right conditions. The most extreme case is the trout populations that migrate to the sea, which must go long distances along the river course until they reach the spawning areas.

Trout Fishing Techniques

Fishing techniques for fishing wild trout
A beautiful wild trout

How to fish for trout with lures

 If you want to know how to fish for trout with lures, it is possible to practice all year round but the good times are in spring and autumn when the waters are strong. Depending on the season and the power of the current, it is then necessary to prospect the most common trout holding stations: branches, rocks, roots, hollow banks or even sandy and pebble beaches. Your lures are to be developed in this habitat, close to the location of the trout since they will not move if it requires too much energy, especially when the current is strong. The lures to be used are lures of colors fairly close to the color of the water, the natural colors being sure values. Regarding the size, you have to get close to the size of the river forage fish to offer the trout a lure that is close to what it is used to eating. On the other hand, it is sometimes good to make an exception by offering a size bite, or by using a lure with a more flashy color, this can decide the fish! On the equipment side, just take a 3-12g power rod, if possible with a tip action to be able to fish effectively with colored nylon in 14/100 to 18 / 100th. Add to that a fluorocarbon tip to ensure discretion and you have a base there to fish for trout with lures in multiple conditions. If you want more details, you can check out this article on it is sometimes good to make an exception by offering a size bite, or using a lure with a more flashy color, this can decide the fish! On the equipment side, just take a 3-12g power rod, if possible with a tip action to be able to fish effectively with colored nylon in 14/100 to 18 / 100th. Add to that a fluorocarbon tip to ensure discretion and you have a base there to fish for trout with lures in multiple conditions. If you want more details, you can check out this article on it is sometimes good to make an exception by offering a size bite, or using a lure with a more flashy color, this can decide the fish! On the equipment side, just take a 3-12g power rod, if possible with a tip action to be able to fish effectively with colored nylon in 14/100 to 18 / 100th. Add to that a fluorocarbon tip to ensure discretion and you have a base there to fish for trout with lures in multiple conditions. If you want more details, you can check out this article on if possible with a tip action to be able to fish effectively with a colored nylon in 14/100 to 18 / 100ème. Add to that a fluorocarbon tip to ensure discretion and you have a base there to fish for trout with lures in multiple conditions. If you want more details, you can check out this article on if possible with a tip action to be able to fish effectively with a colored nylon in 14/100 to 18 / 100ème. Add to that a fluorocarbon tip to ensure discretion and you have a base there to fish for trout with lures in multiple conditions. If you want more details, you can check out this article on trout fishing with lures . If you are already familiar with this fishing technique, you can discover this article dealing specifically with  trout fishing with hard lures  sinking , or sinking, a technical and very effective fishing!

Sinking lure trout fishing technique
Trout fishing with lures

How to fly trout

Fly fishing for trout is not practiced all over France, the technique of fly fishing being quite difficult to acquire for a beginner. If you have the possibility, and it is a very good idea to be guided by an experienced fisherman, or better yet, a fishing guide who will then teach you the right movement to practice the whip without getting tired and with good precision . There are several fly fishing techniques with dry fishing first. This technique consists in proposing a fly on the surface, it is the easiest technique since it allows you to see what fish eat as insects. Then there is nymph fly fishing, which involves offering a larval imitation in line with what the trout eat. Then fly fishing drowned, which is a mix of the first two techniques, and finally the streamer, a heavy fishing which could be compared to fishing with lures with fairly large flies. The ideal is to start in a river of about twenty meters, fishing in nymph on sight if the waters are clear enough, otherwise you will be able to track fly-dried trout in the edges orfish for trout as a nymph over the currents. For more details and clarifications on how to fly fly trout, you can read this article on the basics of fly trout fishing .

Dry fly fishing
Dry fly fishing

Trout Fishing Techniques for Beginners

How to Fish for Handled Minnow

Fishing for trout with minnow handled is a very effective technique! To fish effectively, you need a resonant rod, a length between 2.1m and 3.3m for a power of 5 to 20g. On exceptional large rivers, we can head for more powerful rods of 10-40g or even 10-60g. On the reel side, a size between 1500 and 3000 are perfect for balancing these rods. The reel is lined with mono filament colored between 14 and 26 / 100th depending on the strength of the current, the obstacles and the size of the trout in the river. We are going to fish for minnow handled with 2 types of mounts mainly: mounts with an internal sinker like the Godille mount, the Clou or the Arielle mount. You can also fish for trout with an external sinker mount such as the Drachkovitch mount, the Bohemian or even the Donzette. You can learn more about this technique to learn how to fish trout with minnow handled .

Fishing techniques for fishing wild trout
A trout caught with minnow handled

How to fish for trout

Fishing for trout with toc is certainly the most practiced fishing in France but it is not for that that everyone knows how to fish for trout with toc. This natural bait fishing can be done with earthworm, a great classic since it is very fragrant and works well all year round, with a yield all the same better when the waters are tinted by recent rains. When the season is progressing, you can also practice at the log-holder or even fish for trout with mackerel. There are even mummified moths that are even more attractive to trout. When you go fishing for toc, always plan to have at least two different baits to adapt to the conditions of the day, trout often have some well-defined food preferences. To use a good assembly to practice trout fishing toc, you must keep in mind to have a hook that will roll to the bottom, without hanging on it too much. It will therefore be necessary to choose the right sinker to reach this ideal, by using pellets of size 2 to 7 at the start of the season while numbers 10 will be used during low water, when the water is low and the current is weak. . The principle of trout fishing for toc lies in the fact of presenting the bait, not at the speed of the current, but by retaining as much as possible the assembly in the zone favorable to the attack of trout. In terms of equipment, the choice of rod for toc fishing is directed towards a remote-adjustable rod ranging from 3m to 7m with a large number of rings. This will allow you to fish effectively in streams as in large rivers without getting too tired. Some fishermen even go as far as using English fishing rods, while others, those practicing in congested environments will prefer rods with internal thread. On the reel side, fixed or rotating drum, it’s up to everyone’s choice, the reel not really having an impact since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on Some fishermen even go as far as using English fishing rods, while others, those practicing in congested environments will prefer rods with internal thread. On the reel side, fixed or rotating drum, it’s up to everyone’s choice, the reel not really having an impact since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on Some fishermen even go as far as using English fishing rods, while others, those practicing in congested environments will prefer rods with internal thread. On the reel side, fixed or rotating drum, it’s up to everyone’s choice, the reel not really having an impact since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on those practicing in congested environments will prefer rods with internal thread. On the reel side, fixed or rotating drum, it’s up to everyone’s choice, the reel not really having an impact since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on those practicing in congested environments will prefer rods with internal thread. On the reel side, fixed or rotating drum, it’s up to everyone’s choice, the reel not really having an impact since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on the reel does not really affect since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on the reel does not really affect since it is little used outside of fighting with fish. You can fish for trout with a toc with a diameter of 16 to 20 / 100th to fight against the cold of the opening and quickly remove the fish from the water, with a leader in 12/100 to 18/100 depending on the fishing conditions, but this time colorless so as not to scare the fish. If you want further explanations, you can find it in the article on trout fishing with toc .

Trout fishing with toc and natural bait
A trout caught in a knock by low level

How to Bomb Trout

Bomb fishing for trout is a fishery that is practiced mainly in bodies of water on stocking fish. The bomb is a technical ballast which will propel the bait to several tens of meters using light lines, this is how the most distant fish will be seduced while the first meters of the plan are often very heavily fished and less productive. The bomb was invented by Milo and one of all the best models, the famous Bubo models by Sylvio Léonardi. There are several models of bombs that will evolve at different depths, and depending on the depth of the place you are fishing, you will have to find the right fishing depth. The catch of the day will therefore be found according to the depth, the bait and the speed of recovery. The best is to start with a canister just below the surface, to descend deep until you find the trout. By using ringworms or artificial bait, you are guaranteed to have a fishing bait, which is not the case with earthworms which tend to disintegrate when throwing. 2 solutions are available to you: either the animation by bringing in a linear fashion, or quite simply to let fish at long distance by monitoring the tension of your scion if you have a flexible enough rod, by fishing where few people fish . With throws up to 50m, you will be able to explore a good part of the lake, much more than with a simple lure! In terms of equipment, in addition to having these famous bombs, you will need to equip yourself with a specific rod capable of launching at long distance. These rods are between 3.5m and 4m and must be light to avoid getting too tired. The reel will also have to be light and this is the main characteristic to take into account, equipped with a nylon of 20 / 100th for gliding and a long leader of 1.5m in 16 / 100th, you are ready for Bomb fishing and stand out among fishermenopening in water bodies. To find out more, you can also find out more details in this article dealing with trout bait fishing .

Bomb trout fishing
A beautiful rainbow pond trout that did not resist the bomb

A Little More Special Trout Peaches

Prepare for the opening of trout fishing

The opening of trout fishing is a major event in the world of fishing in general since it marks the return of carnivore fishermen to the edge of 1st category waters, the 2nd category still waiting a few months to open again. It is therefore an important moment, which very often marks the start of the fishing season for many fishermen. You have to know how to live this day like a rite, a return to the sources, within nature, but to succeed this day, you have to take trout but still you have to know how to fish for trout on opening day! The best is to go for a walk on the river in search of trout the week before the opening, this is when you will realize all the changes that took place during the winter and which modified the course . It is also at this time that you will see the trout holding stations and which will give you some indications on the type of fishing to practice for the opening. More and more, the famous “March Brown” makes its appearance for the opening, taking the trout out of their torpor, and making it widely possible to open by fishing with fly. If you want more specific advice, you can find it in the article that tells you how prepare for the opening of the trout . You can also discover another article on the capture of large trout at the opening , this very special moment brings its share of surprises, it would be a shame not to take advantage of it!

Better to learn about the state of the river if you want to be successful on D-Day.
A beautiful opening trout caught by fly

Trout fishing in mountain lakes

Another specific fishery is that of trout in mountain lakes. This fishing is perfect for your summer vacation, it will combine mountain hiking sometimes even in the high mountains and fishing in crystal clear waters. To succeed in such conditions, nothing should be left to chance and as fishing takes place in the mountains, you must first respect the rules of precaution of use: warm clothes, rain clothes, food and sufficient water and of course find out about the weather. Thunderstorms are violent in the mountains and arrive quickly, with a carbon rod near you, you take additional risks. On the fishing side, do it with discretion, nothing is better than staying back from the banks and go around the lake gently to look for trout in all parts of the lake. Sometimes, taking a little height, you can spot some fish that give a good indication of the areas to comb with discretion. On the equipment side, the use of a large Bolognese rod allows you to fish effectively using earthworms, mealworms or even moths. It’s up to you to find the right fishing depth by adjusting the cap. A 15 / 100th nylon with a 10 to 14 / 100th fluorocarbon leader, on a hook of size 8 to 14 depending on the hook you will use, and you are ready for fishing. You will find more information and one can spot some fish which give a good indication of the areas to comb with discretion. On the equipment side, the use of a large Bolognese rod allows you to fish effectively using earthworms, mealworms or even moths. It’s up to you to find the right fishing depth by adjusting the cap. A 15 / 100th nylon with a 10 to 14 / 100th fluorocarbon leader, on a hook of size 8 to 14 depending on the hook you will use, and you are ready for fishing. You will find more information and one can spot some fish which give a good indication of the areas to comb with discretion. On the equipment side, the use of a large Bolognese rod allows you to fish effectively using earthworms, mealworms or even moths. It’s up to you to find the right fishing depth by adjusting the cap. A 15 / 100th nylon with a 10 to 14 / 100th fluorocarbon leader, on a hook of size 8 to 14 depending on the hook you will use, and you are ready for fishing. You will find more information and A 15 / 100th nylon with a 10 to 14 / 100th fluorocarbon leader, on a hook of size 8 to 14 depending on the hook you will use, and you are ready for fishing. You will find more information and A 15 / 100th nylon with a 10 to 14 / 100th fluorocarbon leader, on a hook of size 8 to 14 depending on the hook you will use, and you are ready for fishing. You will find more information and advice on how to fish for trout in mountain lakes in the article dedicated to this fishing. If you have the possibility, also consider a rod with a bomb which will allow you to fish at greater distances by throwing-bringing back to decide the sulky fish.

Fishing trout in high mountain lake
A trout caught with a Bolognese cane in a high mountain lake

Trout fishing with natural bait during the summer

Fishing for trout with natural bait during the summer is a specific fishing technique, which can be very fun! This is an opportunity to introduce novices to fishing for a fishing rich in sensations. This fishing is rich in sensations since it is carried out on light equipment: rod in 3 or 4 strands with a lanyard of rings to delicately throw fragile baits, a 12 / 100th colored nylon and a transparent leader 10 / 100th. With the rod in the air, the fisherman will then have a drift on the trout holding station to decide. To do this, it is necessary to carry out a pendulum throw, under the cane, which is the most suitable not to tear the fragile baits: fly, grasshoppers, patraques, wood holder are the most appreciated baits, but always take care to capture them in the surroundings, because using a bait which is not present in the river is a mistake not to commit. You will find more details and tips on how fishing for trout with natural bait in the summer in the article specific to this fishing.

Trout fishing technique with natural bait
A beautiful trout caught with natural bait

Casting trout

Another little used technique, trout fishing in casting is an interesting solution when fishing with soft lures or hard lures. Most anglers in casting already have the necessary equipment to fish for trout in casting by propelling small lures of 3 to 7g. For this, a rather flexible 5-20g casting rod will do the trick, just add a reel capable of casting lures of this weight. Do not skimp too much on the reel at the risk of making wigs on wigs and you will taste this fishing. Casting trout fishing is very good in medium and large rivers and it finds all its usefulness thanks to its lightness and rapidity of casting. You can consult the dedicated article to know how to fishtrout in casting with soft or hard lures .

Power fishing
A trout caught in Power fishing in casting

Fish for trout in transparent waters

Fishing for trout in transparent waters is a real challenge, things get more complicated for the fisherman and if it is very pleasant to see a trout following a lure before biting it, it is also frustrating to see it freeze in you having spotted easily. It is therefore necessary to exercise a very great discretion and it is better not to fish any more the clubed positions, the trouts accustomed to this merry-go-round will quickly make you unmask. On the contrary, you have to try approaches that have been little used until now, such as fishing from the middle of the river to get angles that are different from what is usually done. It is a very effective way! To find some additional tips and a choice of lures to use to know how to  fish for trout in transparent waters in the article specific to this singular fishery.

Trout
A superb trout caught in transparent waters

Fishing for Large Trouts in Rivers or Lagoons

Fishing for Large Trouts in Rivers or Lagoons

It is well known that trout behavior is somewhat distrustful and elusive, to this we must add the great strength and aggressiveness that develops in its behavior far superior to other types of fish, trout live in areas with mountain rivers, waters Clean and with a high percentage of oxygen. We must take into account when fishing trout that are very territorial fish, it means that you stay almost all your life in a limited area of ​​the river only traveling long distances in the spawning season. It is very important to know the behavior and habits of this type of fish to act accordingly, if we know where it moves we will know where to throw the rod. Do not think that trout fishing is almost an impossible mission, nothing is further from reality, like any other type of fishing with practice and skill we can become all expert fishermen of this great fish.

It is clear that we cannot be authentic experts of all existing sport fishing modalities, since if we were most likely that we would not be experts in anything and an apprentice of everything, it is not a bad tactic at all since it is trying new and alternative techniques Fishing gives us a more global knowledge of this fantastic art that is our passion, fishing!

How to Fish Trout with Teaspoon or Spinning?

Undoubtedly this technique for trout fishing is one of the most common in Spain, this does not mean that it is the simplest method since to fish with a spoon we will have to perfect our throwing to place the lure right in the fishing boat where we imagine that the trout As always, the most difficult and complicated area is where our potential catches are really going to be found, that is, under these branches, stones, or roots of the trees these precious fish hide, therefore the risk that our lure will be stranded in One of these obstacles grows quite a lot.

Materials for Spinning Trout Fishing

  • Our cane must be between 1.50 meters and 2.50 meters in length, always being light
  • Depending on tastes, the reel can be mounted with a fixed open and closed drum loaded with about 100 meters of 0.18 mm line with quick pick-up , always with ball bearings
  • Avoid as far as possible to use fishing reels with an open fixed drum as it increases the risk of entangling in addition to its use requires more experience of the fisherman
  • The teaspoons can choose between several sizes, but not exceeding 2 with a maximum recommended weight of 4 grams, their shapes can be diverse, in the form of olives or oval
  • Regarding the colors are very varied and is part of the choice and tastes of the fisherman but the most common are black, red, green, white, silver or gold decorated with dots of different colors
  • Using teaspoons that have built-in sleeves that rotate and move emitting a noise will give us a plus in front of trout

It should be noted that the choice of teaspoons will depend on the fishing area, the weather we have at all times, the color and turbidity of the water and the bottom, a good option in days with clouds is to use oval teaspoons with turns and golden color, on the contrary in days of radiant sun we can use the silver and bright ones with red dots and size of 1 or 2 Mepps although the size will depend on the current available to the water at that time.

Cucharilla para pescar truchas numero 4

He Throws Spinning to Catch Trout
He Throws Spinning to Catch Trout

We will try to send our lure to the opposite side of the shore where we are at an angle of about 45 degrees in the opposite direction to the water current. The speed of silk collection will depend on the currents, we will have to maintain a constant movement in the speed of the spoon. A trick that can give good results is just when the lure falls into the water to maintain the tension of the line and to recover it little by little parallel to the edge of the shore being this very attractive for the trouts that are in the area. If you have ever bitten a trout your hook will know how violent it is, that is why we will have to be prepared for battle, the trout are famous for their great strength and endurance. If the trout has already been hooked, the collection begins to work slowly to be able to tire it and thus reduce the risk of losing our prey.

How to Catch Trout in River with Drowned Fly?

If you doubt one of the most used techniques to catch large trout , especially in Spanish lands. At first, drowned fly fishing used natural insects while today fishermen use artificial, a change of thought that has served to unleash the imagination of many fans of brico fishing . Mainly two methods are used, fishing with bull and rat tail. To fish with rat tail we must know that it is very similar to dry fly fishing, with the only feature that it is practiced with small nymphs, with greater weight than mosquito type insects and water is thrown down in favor of the current . To fish with fly drowned with bulldogs, it is essential to have great skill and good precision in the sets, in the pace of recovery of the line and in the proper choice of lures, say that in this type of fishing to succeed the Details are really important and we should not leave anything to chance.

Trout Fishing Equipment with Drowned Fly and Bulldogs

  • The length of the rods range between 2 and 3 and a half meters , the action of these fishing rods should not be extremely soft since we will make very precise sets and thus play with artificial lures as if they were live insects.
  • Fishing reels may be similar to those we use to catch trout with teaspoons, the size of the insect will be between 3 and 5, although this factor will depend largely on the strength of the water flow of the place we go to fish trout, they must be attached to the typical plastic bubble filled with only air called buldó. It is convenient to know the current rules on trout fishing in the region or autonomous region in which we are.
  • Regarding the line, the diameter to be used will be between 0.16 and 0.18 mm . We will use a bass of lower thickness, with this part of the line we will avoid losing the entire line if the lure is trapped in some area of ​​branches or stones, which is usually very common in trout fishing.

The trick is in the nymph or remaining fly in the bullied of the main line with a length of 20 cm. It is in the case of rigging 5 flies, if we use a platform 4, the length of the 3 cm (4, 7 and 10 cm) flakes and if it is 3 mosquitoes, the difference is 4 cm (4 and 8 cm). As for the bull, the size will be 3-5 cm in diameter and, in particular, those of rubber, in a clash with the rocks, do not emit as much noise as plastic and better resist shooting. Mosquitoes say it is a good rule to start the season with dark insects and go as the season progresses, although I suggest you take a look at the manuscript of Astorga and Lion.

We will always have to be printed on the platform a speed equal to that of the current , giving the feeling that mosquitoes fall naturally, the line slightly stretched, too, so that all flies fulfill their function, mainly, of «Jumps «Which, as the name implies, must be jumping imitating the configuration of an insect. One technique that has been launched recently in our country and that has more followers every day is “Polish” fishing . This is a very similar fishing trail with rat tail nymph, but with small variations. The stems are used a little more, from 10 to 11 feet with an average action at the tip. With a platform of 2 or 3 nymphs, one of them must be very plumb. This is a fishery that is done shortly, since, in general, the lances do not exceed 2 or 3 times the length of the rod.

Its effectiveness is impressive and the same as we have said before, more and more fishermen who use this technique also have many critics, because we must not forget that, basically, it is not a long fishing race but with different gear used in fishing With natural bait. The bass line should be adapted to the depth at which we are going to fish and the distance between the lures should be short (10-12 cm.) (In most), remembering that one of the nymphs must “swim” so close from the bottom.

Fly Trout with Rat Tail

Fly trout with rat tail


Rat tail fishing is a method that gains followers every day , not just for trout. Perhaps, this is the system that arouses feelings more than the fisherman in practice. To the excitement of seeing how our trout takes to attract on the surface a direct contact with the fish in hand is added through the line. The essence of dry fly fishing is the presentation of the lure. This requires great skill on the jetty, has special stealth and a good knowledge of trout deer, the behavior of ICT, the environment in which he lives and who His eating habits. This will allow us to choose different bodies of water Between them and times of the year, the most suitable fly and the place to put it. The rod is different from those commonly used for other types of fishing. Its main differences are in the grip and the position of the coil.

The length varies between 6 and 9 feet, or what is the same, between 1.80 meters and 2.75 meters. The choice must be made with respect to the place where it is detected, using the minor, from 6 to 7 feet, in the streams, ravines with vegetation and narrow spaces that do not allow the use of along the stems, those of 7.5 at 8.5 feet, it will be used in rivers with open spaces sufficient to make long lances and those that are 9 feet for more effective reservoirs and lakes.

Rat tail fishing is a method

Graphite, fiberglass and bamboo are the manufacturing materials. We recommend graphite, since fiberglass is not a material that allows us a good control of the line and bamboo is reserved for experts and is expensive. The reel, specially designed for fly fishing , is the central role. Its importance is relative, since its function is limited to the maintenance of the line. Although most incorporate the brake mechanism and some carry the automatic selection belt handle, either mechanical or electrical, which is only useful when it comes to capturing large species, since it is usually sufficient to pick up the hand line for catch the trout Before packing the line in the coil, a brutal descent must be filled with 25 meters.

The line, called rat tail by the shape, in the diameter of the downlink of the central zone at the end, is a relatively high weight, to facilitate the distance release flies. Their values ​​and weight vary according to the fishing place and the experience of the fisherman, and the length between 25 and 37 meters . According to the manufacturer. The numbering varies from 1 to 15, less and more weight, regulated internationally by the AFTMA classification (Association of Fishing Equipment Manufacturers of America). We recommend a line 6 for beginners, which is heavy enough to control the launch and the Fly Inn is not too steep, however, since the technique is mastered, the number must be reduced.

Rat tails numbers 4 and 5 are the most common when you have the experience (I saw teachers manage a line of 2 and make pitches over 15 MTS) (Then place the fly in desired location). There are more lines with different types of conical shape: -. ‘double pin’ (double cone-DT), is the most used and the easiest to find in fishing facilities. It has a homogeneous central section and is provided for both ends, with the advantage that anyone can use it in case of breakage of one of them. Launches 10-15 MTS .- “centered dual spindle” (weight before-WF-), like the previous one, but with the particularity that the main mass is centered at 10.7 meters. Initial.

The rest of the line is thinner and homogeneous to make it easier to slide through the rings. Spear 15-20 MTS .- «spearhead» (St-conical shot), with a section to be granted, which is the one that is linked to the rear and the thickest part is what acts as a load for the homes of more than 20-25 meters. They are used in tanks and in the open sea. We also have to choose whether we want floating or submersible, which in turn varies with the sinking speed. We have to buy the right rat tail of the corresponding bar. In all the rods, the tolerance of the lines is indicated, which is stored in them.

Deep-Sea Trout Fishing

This is a technique that uses natural bait in rivers , particularly in the large river and, especially in fast water, but also applies to calm currents. This may be the most successful way it is taken with water. It involves moving the natural bait along the riverbed. Obviously, it is a gravel better bottom and with little vegetation, which is, otherwise, or as we know these resources to avoid the obstacles that can be found in them, or that will opt for another fishing technique. The bait used for this type of fishing is the worm, but it works correctly with Gusarapa, grasshoppers and other insects that we can find in the banks.

We will use long rods 4-5 meters . And the average ratio at the end, which allows us to detect candy bites and deftly manipulate the line; Keep it tight enough. With these bars, you won’t have to go to the river, avoiding the worries of some trout. The coil, the open drum to facilitate the exit of the line, and with the capacity of 200-250 meters of silk, because sometimes the bait must travel long distances to cut. We will have to carry in our box, you will lose different weights, adapt lead to different pools and currents that we can find. This is the key, we have to experiment so that the bait moves a few centimeters from the bottom, not at excessive speed. Sometimes we have to use lines of up to 20 gr install a thick line (16-20 cents) at hand (0.10-0.25 cents) and approximately 30-40 cm. Lead (or lead) is to be inserted into the seam lines. The hook of a size between 12 and 8.

The throws will be taken a few meters upstream from where we believe that the trout is , enough for the bait to the bottom and pass naturally through the hunting or energy areas, with the tip of the rod and the high open collection, keeping the tense line and controlling its exit from the coil. It can be difficult to distinguish between a bite and lead to a stop barrier. At first, a good option is to take any hint of a possible bite and, finally, learn to interpret. It is important to tighten the line at the time of traction , as the trout will try to hide in their shelters when the nail is felt. This prevents tangles with the bottom of stones and roots, with the consequent loss of the platform and the base plate. Frequent inspection of the line and the hook is important, which can be damaged due to continuous friction.

Fish Trout with Float

Finally comment that this mode to catch trout is done with very similar equipment for deep-sea fishing , with the only difference that we will use a float with rod, without doubt the most efficient for this need. We will have to take into account that we must arrange the leads by distributing them evenly at a distance of approximately 15 cm between the cables and about 20 cm from the hook, always using weights proportional to the float.

Equipment for trout fishing

How to choose a rod for trout fishing

The choice of rod for trout fishing will depend on the fishing technique practiced. Here is a summary in outline which will give you a basis for knowing which rod to use to fish for trout:

  • Trout au foc: remote adjustable from 3m to 7m
  • Minnow trout: reasonable cane in 5-20g
  • Bomb trout: between 3.5 and 4m light
  • Trout with lures: 3-12g in spinning

How to choose your reel to fish for trout

The choice of reel for trout fishing will depend on the fishing technique practiced. Here is a summary in outline which will give you a basis for knowing which reel to use to fish for trout:

  • Trout au foc: fixed or rotating drum
  • Minnow trout: size 1500 to 3000
  • Bomb trout: size 750 to 1500 light
  • Trout with lures: size 1500 to 3000

How to choose your line body to fish for trout?

The choice of line body for trout fishing will depend on the fishing technique practiced. Here is a summary in outline which will give you a basis to know which body of line to use to fish for trout:

  • Trout au foc: colored nylon from 16 to 20 / 100th
  • Minnow trout: colored nylon from 14 to 26 / 100th
  • Bomb trout: nylon in 20 / 100th
  • Trout with lures: nylon from 14 to 18 / 100th

How to choose your leader to fish for trout?

The choice of the bottom line to fish for trout will depend on the fishing technique practiced. Here is a summary in outline which will give you a basis for knowing which hook to use to fish for trout:

  • Trout au foc: transparent nylon in 12/100 to 18 / 100ème
  • Minnow trout: transparent nylon in 10/100 to 24 / 100th
  • Bomb trout: 1.5m of transparent nylon in 16 / 100th
  • Trout with lures: fluorocarbon tip

Video on trout fishing in rivers and fly lagoons

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